Antifederalists - · Along with the Federalists, they were one of the first
two political parties. The Antifederalists, who later were known
as the Democratic Republicans and then just the Republicans, believed in
smaller, state-oriented government.
Louisiana Purchase - · In 1803, Monroe oversaw the purchase of the Louisiana
territory from France for sixty million francs. The purchase roughly doubled
the size of the United States and paved the way for massive westward
expansion and settlement.
Era of Good Feelings - · The Era of Good Feelings, a term coined by a Boston
newspaper during Monroe's fifteen-week northern tour, described
the time of relative prosperity and wealth from 1816–1819. The
era, beginning with the fall of the Federalist party also saw little political
bickering due to there only being one party. Monroe stayed immensely
popular throughout the country.
Missouri Compromise - · The agreement, reached after much heated debate and
veiled threats of war, allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a
slave state while Maine entered as a free state to keep the balance
even. It also prohibited slavery above the thirty-six'' thirty'
Monroe Doctrine - · In his annual address to Congress in December 1823,
Monroe laid out the first formal U.S. foreign policy, which declared
that the Americas were closed to further colonization by European powers
and that the U.S. would not tolerate interference in North or South
- · The Federalists, one of the first major American political
parties, were led by Alexander Hamilton. They supported the Constitution
and a strong centralized national government. Their lack of support
of the War
fatally wounded the organization and by the
election of 1816, the party had largely disappeared.
- · Also known as Highland, Ashlawn was Monroe's estate
in Virginia, adjacent to Thomas Jefferson
Virginia Influence - · A concern expressed by northern states, particularly
New York during the election of 1816, which saw Monroe running
largely unopposed for the presidency–the third successful candidate
in a row from Virginia.
Adams-Onis Treaty - · The treaty that settled the land dispute over Florida
with Spain. Spain realized that it was unable to properly protect
its colony there, and so risked losing Florida without any compensation. Instead,
it yielded the land to the U.S. in exchange for canceling five
million dollars in debt.
was seen as an extremely controversial choice to be George Washington's
minister to Great Britain. He was seen as too pro-British and therefore
Washington appointed Monroe, a francophile, as minister to France
as a counterbalance. Jay was sent to Britain with the authority
to negotiate trade treaties with the country–information that never
was conveyed to Monroe. Therefore, Monroe took much heat in Paris when
word arrived of Jay's Treaty, which granted substantial trading
rights to Britain.
- Thomas Jefferson
Monroe to help Livingston negotiate the purchase of New Orleans from
France in 1803. Livingston remained forever bitter about Monroe
receiving most of the credit for the Louisiana Purchase.
John Quincy Adams
- Adams, the son of former President John Adams
served as Monroe's secretary of state and later succeeded Monroe
in the presidency in 1825.
Gabriel's Rebellion - In the summer of 1800, Monroe (then governor of Virginia) received
word of a pending slave rebellion outside the capital led by a
slave named Gabriel. Quick action by Monroe, including sending
out militia patrols and posting guards at all major public buildings,
along with a surprise summer thunderstorm that flooded several
of the main approaches to the city, averted the rebellion.
Panic of 1819 - The Panic of 1819 was the result of a myriad of financial setbacks,
including a collapse of the price of cotton and a contraction by
the controversial Bank of the United States. It resulted in massive
unemployment and homelessness and decimated real estate prices
around the country. The Panic is usually seen as the end of the
"Era of Good Feelings."