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Birth of a Nation

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How to Cite This SparkNote

Bogle, Donald. Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies, & Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films. 3rd ed. New York: Continuum Publishing, 2000.

Cook, David A. A History of Narrative Film. 4th ed. New York: W.W. Norton, 2004.

Cripps, Thomas. Slow Fade to Black: The Negro in American Film, 19001942 . New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Dirks, Tim. Review of The Birth of a Nation. Available online http://www.filmsite.org/birt.html. Downloaded August 2004.

Gish, Lillian, and Ann Pinchot. Lillian Gish: The Movies, Mr. Griffith, and Me. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1969.

Gunning, Tom. D. W. Griffith and the Origins of American Narrative Film: The Early Years at Biograph. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press, 1994.

Lang, Robert, ed. The Birth of a Nation: D. W. Griffith, Director. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers University Press, 1994.

Panzer, Mary. Mathew Brady and the Image of History. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press for the National Portrait Gallery, 1997.

Schickel, Richard. D. W. Griffith: An American Life. New York: Limelight Editions, 1996.

Simmon, Scott. The Films of D. W. Griffith. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

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