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The Constitution (1781–1815)

History SparkNotes


Study Questions & Essay Topics

Suggestions for Further Reading

1 . The Articles of Confederation granted Congress all of the following powers except

2 . The Land Ordinance of 1785

3 . Why did Daniel Shays attack the federal arsenal in Springfield, Massachusetts, with 1,200 men in 1787?

4 . How was the government under the Constitution different from that under the Articles of Confederation?

5 . Which of the following was true under the Articles of Confederation?

6 . The term “checks and balances” refers to

7 . The New Jersey Plan presented at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 proposed that

8 . The Great Compromise refers to the agreement between

9 . Under the Constitution, the president of the United States has the authority to do which of the following?

10 . All of the following are true about the framers of the Constitution except

11 . Many Anti-Federalists refused to ratify the Constitution unless

12 . Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay wrote the Federalist Papers to convince

13 . What does the Tenth Amendment state?

14 . What did the Judiciary Act of 1789 do?

15 . Hamilton’s fiscal policy for the United States included all of the following except

16 . What did the loose constructionists believe?

17 . Jeffersonians generally believed that

18 . Why did Alexander Hamilton propose the excise tax in 1790?

19 . Hamiltonian Federalists hoped that the United States would make a firm alliance with

20 . The Federalist and Democratic-Republican political parties were born out of

21 . Western farmers, such as those who revolted in the Whiskey Rebellion, were angry because

22 . Why was French Citizen Edmond Genêt rejected as ambassador to the United States in 1793?

23 . What did delegates at the Hartford Convention petition against?

24 . From what did the delegates at the Hartford Convention draw inspiration for their petition?

25 . All of the following helped cause the War of 1812 except

26 . How was the Non-Intercourse Act different from the Embargo Act?

27 . Why did Congress pass Macon’s Bill No. 2 in 1810?

28 . The War Hawks in Congress came primarily from

29 . The American victory at the1811 Battle of Tippecanoe

30 . What was the Northwest Confederacy?

31 . The 1814 Treaty of Ghent gave Americans all of the following except

32 . What did the 1803 Supreme Court decision Marbury v. Madison do?

33 . In the early 1800s, most Americans were

34 . Why did Napoleon sell the Louisiana Territory to the United States?

35 . What did Thomas Jefferson’s 1808 Embargo Act do?

36 . The election of 1800 is often referred to as the Revolution of 1800 because

37 . All of the following actions by Thomas Jefferson were in accordance with his interpretation of the Constitution except

38 . The Chesapeake Affair aroused American anger toward

39 . Jefferson encouraged Congress to pass the Embargo Act in 1808 to punish Britain and France for

40 . The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions stipulated that

41 . Jay’s Treaty of 1794 stipulated that

42 . The motto “Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute” arose as a response to which event?

43 . What effect did the Alien and Sedition Acts have?

44 . The three-fifths clause of the Constitution stated that

45 . The authors of the Federalist Papers argued against which widespread belief?

46 . Federalists cited the elastic clause to justify

47 . What act did the Northwest Confederacy’s leaders believe that the U.S. government had violated?

48 . Federalists passed the Alien Act in 1798 out of fear that

49 . Why did Federalists pass the Sedition Act in 1798?

50 . The first president of the United States was

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