Partially of Chinese descent, Aguinaldo was the Philippines' revolutionary
leader, first against the Spanish and then, after the end of the Spanish-
American War, against the Americans.
William Jennings Bryan
Democratic presidential candidate of 1896 and 1900, against McKinley. Bryan,
a gifted orator, was famous for his "Cross of Gold" speech advocating Free
Silver. Over the course of his career he ran for President, and lost, four
times. He also argued the Scopes Monkey Trial against Clarence Darrow, as
immortalized in the play Inherit the Wind.
Navy Commodore who commanded the US surprise attack on the Spanish fleet at the
Battle of Manila.
William R. Hearst
Newspaper publisher and leading example of yellow journalism. His New
started a public hysteria for war with Spain by publishing
incendiary articles and illustrations by Remington. Hearst once said to
Remington, "You provide the pictures and I'll provide the war."
Dupuy du Lome
Spanish minister in Washington, whose letter insulting President McKinley
was intercepted and published in Hearst's papers. He resigned after the
John D. Long
Secretary of the Navy under McKinley's administration, beginning in 1896.
Alfred T. Mahan
American naval officer who published The Influence of Sea Power Upon
in 1890. His views, advocating the importance of a strong Navy and
a worldwide network of coaling stations to protect trading routes, held
great influence on military thought in both the US and Europe around the time of
the Spanish-American War (1898).
US President from 1896 to his assassination in 1901. Backed by Mark Hanna and
American business interests, McKinley championed high, business-protecting
tariffs and opposed Free Silver. Under McKinley, the US engaged in a period of
imperialism, epitomized by the Spanish-American War.
Competitor against Hearst in circulation war, and practitioner of yellow
US Army bacteriologist and pathologist sent to Cuba. He was the first to link
yellow fever to mosquito bites, helping to eliminate the disease.
Painter and illustrator working for Hearst who went to Cuba during the
Spanish-American War. One of Remington's famous works is a painting of the
Rough Riders charging up San Juan Hill. His paintings and illustrations
are known for their immediate, reporter-like quality.
26th President of the United States, elected in 1901 and re-elected in 1905.
During the Spanish-American War, he first served as Assistant Secretary of the
Navy and then quit to join the Rough Riders. Born a weakling, the near-
sighted Roosevelt built himself into robust shape by a lifelong program of
exercise and vigorous activities. Always seeking to expand American power in
international affairs, Roosevelt was a prominent hawk who gave Dewey the
order to attack at the Battle of Manila.
William R. Shafter
General who led the US Army ground invasion of Cuba. Survivor of the Civil
, Shafter was so fat and his gout was so bad
that he was carried around by his men on a door.
General "Butcher" Weyler
Spanish General sent to Cuba in 1896 to put down the insurrectos' rebellion.
Called the "Butcher", Weyler put much of the Cuban population into unsanitary
concentration camps. He was recalled to Spain in 1897.
Colonel, and commander of the volunteer Rough Riders. Wood remained in Cuba
as the governor during the brief US occupation following the war. As governor,
Wood oversaw the improvement of sanitation, the building of schools and roads,
and the deepening of Havana harbor.