The Roman Empire (60 BCE-160 CE)
Describe the measures Augustus took to reestablish political stability and explain how he changed the government and the army. Why was he successful?.
Claudius had been kept in the dark for decades, yet was a decent Princeps. Explain his rise to power and his accomplishments. What was his undoing?
By 150 CE, what was the status of Germanic society and what kind of threat did it present to Rome?
Describe the Principate, in terms of its origins, stages of creation, and inner nature. How did the Princeps evolve into an Emperor?
What were some of the major problems eliciting the formation of the Principate?
How would you characterize the Roman economy? What were the foundations of society and economy in Roman antiquity?
What were Mark Antony and Octavian's comparative strengths and weaknesses? How did each go about trying to secure victory in their struggle?
Who were the rising social classes of the period 30 BCE-100 CE and how did they get where they were going?
What was the Year of the Four Emperors? What caused it, and how did it play out?
What explains the recurrent disturbances among the Jews in Palestine, Egypt and the Aegean from the 40s-120s CE? What were the components of the problem, and what was its resolution by the time of Hadrian?