Carmean, Karen. Toni Morrison’s World of Fiction. Troy, NY: Whitson Publishing Company, 1993.
Conner, Marc C., ed. The Aesthetics of Toni Morrison: Speaking the Unspeakable. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2000.
David, Ron. Toni Morrison Explained: A Reader’s Road Map to the Novels. New York: Random House, 2000.
Grewal, Gurleen. Circles of Sorrow, Lines of Struggle: The Novels of Toni Morrison. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1998.
Holden-Kirwan, Jennifer L. “Looking into the Self That Is No Self: An Examination of Subjectivity in Beloved,” African American Review 32, no. 3 (1998): 415–26.
Middleton, David L., ed. Toni Morrison’s Fiction: Contemporary Criticism. New York: Garland Publishing, 1997.
Page, Philip. Dangerous Freedom: Fusion and Fragmentation in Toni Morrison’s Novels. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1995.
Solomon, Barbara H., ed. Critical Essays on Toni Morrison’s Beloved. New York: G. K. Hall, 1998.
Sumana, K. The Novels of Toni Morrison: A Study in Race, Gender and Class. New Delhi: Prestige Books, 1998.