How do Richie’s beliefs about war change throughout his tour of duty in Vietnam?
Richie joins the army with illusions and myths about war. He learned about war from movies and stories that portray battle as heroic and glorious, the army as efficient and organized, and warfare as rational. In these movies, the good, skillful people emerge victorious, while the bad people die. What Richie and the soldiers find in Vietnam bears no resemblance to this mythologized version of war. The army is inefficient and fallible. The bureaucracy fails to process Richie’s medical profile for his injured knee, so he gets sent out to combat. Most of the officers who command Richie and his peers are far from heroic—looking out for their own lives at best and their own careers at worst. There are a few noble exceptions, such as Lieutenant Carroll—men who risk their own lives to save the men under them. In the heat of battle, soldiers think of nothing but self-preservation. Paralyzed by fear, they act thoughtlessly, often killing their allies in the process. Battles are far from organized and are instead utterly chaotic. The Vietnamese villagers are not happy to receive help from the Americans, and the Vietcong often kill such villagers for accepting supplies from the American forces.
At the beginning of his tour of duty, Richie clings to the myth that people die only if they are not smart and careful, but he realizes that in battle, life or death is just a matter of chance. There is no way to be smart or careful during such a war. The political ideology behind the war turns out to be similarly unrealistic. Richie is first inspired to think of fighting for his country and for ideals like freedom and democracy, but in the heat of battle, such rhetoric becomes empty. As the men are surrounded by the horrors of war, the neat divisions between right and wrong fade, and the sense of being on the side of good is no longer as easy to maintain. Rather than fight for country or freedom, Richie realizes that the soldiers fight to stay alive.
How do war movies perpetuate the romantic ideals of war? How does Fallen Angels criticize these movies and myths?
War movies exhibit the clichés of war myths common in American popular culture, such as the inevitable tragic death of any baby-faced virgin soldier. The presence of such stories about war is chilling because it reveals a tendency to romanticize real wartime tragedies. Such clichés attach false meaning to deaths that are often senseless and brutal, not beautiful and romantic like the customary myths. In many cases, American soldiers die, and terror makes other American soldiers careless. When Richie patrols with another company, for instance, one American platoon mistakes another American platoon for the enemy and kills more than a dozen friendly soldiers before realizing the mistake.
The romanticized myths of the soldier’s heroism and patriotism may help a soldier’s family deal with his death because it gives the parents a reason for the sacrifice of their son. However, these myths do not allow civilians to acknowledge the brutality and ugliness that American sons must face when they go to war. These myths do not do justice to the soldiers’ sacrifices. They also make it difficult for the soldier to share his burden of fear and suffering with his family. Richie is unable to tell his mother and Kenny the truth about the war because he does not want to upset them or lower their opinions of him. He does not want them to feel the fear and anxiety that he feels during his time in Vietnam.
How do the soldiers cope with the horrors that they see? Contrast the coping mechanisms of Richie, Peewee, and Lobel.
Faced with the horrors of war, each soldier must either reconcile reality with his personal beliefs or cling tenaciously to comfortable illusions of absolute morality. Richie, unlike many of the other soldiers, chooses the difficult first option, struggling to make sense of his experiences and refusing to turn away from the difficult questions they raise. Richie’s comrades, who are too afraid to come to terms with the reality of their situation, warn him against what they call his dangerous thinking. Each soldier has his own way of blocking out the uncomfortable thoughts and nagging doubts. Richie recognizes that he is alone in his search for truth, reflecting that “the questions kept coming and nobody wanted to deal with them.” Yet just as his friends cannot bear to look the reality head on, Richie cannot bear to ignore it.
Peewee and Lobel both try to understand their role in the war, but do so in different ways because of their different personalities and backgrounds. Peewee responds to fear and confusion with brash humor, making jokes out of any unsettling doubts. When Peewee is momentarily stunned by the Vietnamese mother’s sacrifice of her child, Richie is able to pull himself out of his paralysis by joking, “They got kids over here?” Moments later he casually asks, “Me? Feel bad? . . . Never happen,” showing that he hides his emotions behind a facade of bravado. Lobel, on the other hand, turns to movies as his escape. He views Vietnam as a giant movie set and sees himself as the star of a war film. His obsession with movies is more than a simple diversion—it is an escape from a reality that is too difficult for Lobel to face unprotected. He desperately clings to the belief that the movies are “the only real thing in life,” thereby allowing himself to dismiss the horrible sights he sees around him as unreal. Like Peewee’s humor, Lobel’s obsession with movies helps him filter out the tough questions of morality that plague Richie. By believing that the world of movies is more real than the battlefield, Lobel can pretend that such difficult questions are not even worth asking.
1. Compare Fallen Angels to All Quiet on the Western Front, Erich Maria Remarque’s famous antiwar novel from World War I. What themes do these novels have in common? How are they different? Would you characterize Fallen Angels as an antiwar novel? Why or why not?
2. How does Fallen Angels address matters of race and class in America? How does the novel portray the effects of the war on race and class issues, and the effects of race and class issues on the war? Why is it ironic that so many war protesters are college students?
3. Trace Richie’s attitude toward the war through his letters to his family. What is the significance of his longtime inability to write an honest letter? What is the significance of his eventual ability to write a truthful letter to Kenny?
4. Explain the different styles of leadership of Captain Stewart, Sergeant Simpson, Lieutenant Carroll, Lieutenant Gearhart, Corporal Brunner, and Sergeant Dongan. What is the novel’s attitude toward each of their styles?
Many people in this world are unsure of what their future goals may be just like this certain young man named, Richie Perry. Richie Perry is a smart African American and well behaved child who had graduated from his high school in Harlem. However, his mother who loves to drink does not have enough money to send him to collage. Richie believes he should join the army so he can escape his future, which he does, he joins the army. He is now being sent to Vietnam to fight in the war to fulfill his duty. Richie claims he joined the army to find o... Read more→
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setting is in Harlem in 1967.
Richie joined the army so he can have money and send it home to his little brother, Kenny. He also joined because it is an escape to get away from all the questions people would ask him about his future that he was unsure of. After he is sent to Vietnam to fight he writes to his brother explaining that the war is going to end very soon. Richie begins to get familiar with his leader which he quickly finds out is selfish by his actions.
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Richie begins to start thinking deep about his entire life,very shortly they are ambushed and Richie begins to fire his weapon. Once they escape the attack they find out their leader was hit by enemy fire and must be taken to the hospital where he dies. Everyone is mourning their fallen soldier's death and pays their respect. Hours go by, Richie and his squad are restless, don't know what to do. they become very bored and start thinking of what terror could occur next.
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