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How to Cite This SparkNote

How to Cite This SparkNote

How to Cite This SparkNote

How to Cite This SparkNote

Full Bibliographic Citation

MLA

SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on Franny and Zooey.” SparkNotes.com. SparkNotes LLC. n.d.. Web. 22 Nov. 2017.

The Chicago Manual of Style

SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on Franny and Zooey.” SparkNotes LLC. n.d.. http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/franny/ (accessed November 22, 2017).

APA

SparkNotes Editors. (n.d.). SparkNote on Franny and Zooey. Retrieved November 22, 2017, from http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/franny/

In Text Citation

MLA

“Their conversation is awkward, especially when she mentions Wickham, a subject Darcy clearly wishes to avoid” (SparkNotes Editors).

APA

“Their conversation is awkward, especially when she mentions Wickham, a subject Darcy clearly wishes to avoid” (SparkNotes Editors, n.d.).

Footnote

The Chicago Manual of Style

Chicago requires the use of footnotes, rather than parenthetical citations, in conjunction with a list of works cited when dealing with literature.

1 SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on Franny and Zooey.” SparkNotes LLC. n.d.. http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/franny/ (accessed November 22, 2017).


Please be sure to cite your sources. For more information about what plagiarism is and how to avoid it, please read our article on The Plagiarism Plague. If you have any questions regarding how to use or include references to SparkNotes in your work, please tell us.

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huge JD Salinger fan

by johnclarke795, December 17, 2016

I am a huge JD Salinger fan, and I'm one of those people who's read "Catcher in the Rye" like 200 times, several times a year since I was about twelve. I buy into every cliche said about it: it changed my life, it made me want to write, it validated my own teen angst, Salinger captures teen-speak amazingly well, Holden Caulfield is vulnerable and wise, a kid-hero, etc.

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Franny and Zooey Examined

by RenAlex, June 21, 2017

Internet Archive.org
Review: J.D. Salinger’s Franny and Zooey

I struggled with clenched teeth to digest this dry, stiff, overly pedantic, wordy nonsense. To me, great literature is written in a clear, concise, simple fashion. This work is "frittered away by detail[s]" (Thoreau). Salinger pompously tries to express to his readers (through Franny, at least,) the absurdity of being uppity. If he is attempting to prove her point through his writing style, he should have offered his readers a butter knife rather than a machete to h... Read more

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