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Grendel

John Gardner

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Full Bibliographic Citation

MLA

SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on Grendel.” SparkNotes.com. SparkNotes LLC. 2003. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.

The Chicago Manual of Style

SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on Grendel.” SparkNotes LLC. 2003. http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/grendel/ (accessed December 12, 2014).

APA

SparkNotes Editors. (2003). SparkNote on Grendel. Retrieved December 12, 2014, from http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/grendel/

In Text Citation

MLA

“Their conversation is awkward, especially when she mentions Wickham, a subject Darcy clearly wishes to avoid” (SparkNotes Editors).

APA

“Their conversation is awkward, especially when she mentions Wickham, a subject Darcy clearly wishes to avoid” (SparkNotes Editors, 2003).

Footnote

The Chicago Manual of Style

Chicago requires the use of footnotes, rather than parenthetical citations, in conjunction with a list of works cited when dealing with literature.

1 SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on Grendel.” SparkNotes LLC. 2003. http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/grendel/ (accessed December 12, 2014).


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Grendel represents Agnar, son of Ingeld

by beowulfgeek, December 19, 2012

Spent a lot of years working on 'Beowulf' and I reckon that the monsters represent human characters. In my view: Grendel represents Agnar, son of Ingeld; Grendel's Mum represents the daughter of Earl Swerting of Sweden (and the first wife of Ingeld); and the Dragon represents Onela, king of the Swedes. I think that there has been a scribal error right at the beginning of the poem, which has made Scyld's 'bearn' (Modern English, 'bairn') into Beowulf the First. Thus the real parallels of the poem have been lost.

As far as the first tw

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