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A Lesson Before Dying

Ernest J. Gaines

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Full Bibliographic Citation

MLA

SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on A Lesson Before Dying.” SparkNotes.com. SparkNotes LLC. 2002. Web. 13 Aug. 2014.

The Chicago Manual of Style

SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on A Lesson Before Dying.” SparkNotes LLC. 2002. http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/lessonbefore/ (accessed August 13, 2014).

APA

SparkNotes Editors. (2002). SparkNote on A Lesson Before Dying. Retrieved August 13, 2014, from http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/lessonbefore/

In Text Citation

MLA

“Their conversation is awkward, especially when she mentions Wickham, a subject Darcy clearly wishes to avoid” (SparkNotes Editors).

APA

“Their conversation is awkward, especially when she mentions Wickham, a subject Darcy clearly wishes to avoid” (SparkNotes Editors, 2002).

Footnote

The Chicago Manual of Style

Chicago requires the use of footnotes, rather than parenthetical citations, in conjunction with a list of works cited when dealing with literature.

1 SparkNotes Editors. “SparkNote on A Lesson Before Dying.” SparkNotes LLC. 2002. http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/lessonbefore/ (accessed August 13, 2014).


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Conflicts

by brittdawg22, September 02, 2013

The main conflict of A Lesson Before Dying lies within Grant himself. Even though Grant struggles to manage in the racist white society, his primary struggle is with his own mind. As he says to Vivian, he cannot face Jefferson because he cannot face himself and his own life. Vivian exposes Grant’s conflicted nature by bringing up the fact that he left the South in the past but eventually returned. Grant feels repulsed by the environment in which he grew up, but somehow he cannot bring himself to leave. Despite his statement that Vivian’s... Read more

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120 out of 125 people found this helpful

conflicts

by brittdawg22, September 02, 2013

rant’s inner conflict stems from his experiences in education, including his exposure to the cynical Antoine. Inspired by years of study, Grant wants to make great changes in his hometown. Grant’s behavior defies stereotype, but in order to live, he must follow certain rules that make his small moments of defiance futile. The losing battle between small rebellions and survival becomes clear in Grant’s conversation with Guidry. Grant takes pride in flouting Guidry’s racist expectations by using grammatical English and maintaining his ... Read more

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9 out of 10 people found this helpful

future conflict?

by brittdawg22, September 02, 2013

Her comment here at the end of Chapter 12 shows that she enjoys the thought of living with Grant in the South. Gaines shows Vivian’s emotional state here in order to heighten the ensuing clash between her and Grant that occurs later in the novel.

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