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Key Facts

Key Facts

author

 · Matthew: Circulated anonymously until the second century a.d., when it was attributed to Matthew
 · Mark: John Mark, a close interpreter of Peter
 · Luke, Acts: An anonymous Gentile Christian
 · John: Unknown
 · Romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians: Paul of Tarsus
 · Revelation: A man named John from the island of Patmos

type of work

 · Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Acts: Gospel, historical narrative
 · Romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians: Epistle, letter
 · Revelation: Written record of a vision

language  · Greek

time and place written

 · Matthew: 8590 a.d. in Antioch of Syria
 · Mark: Around 70 a.d. in Syria or Rome
 · Luke, Acts: 80125 a.d.
 · Romans: 5556 a.d.
 · 1 and 2 Corinthians: 5354 a.d. in Ephesus
 · Revelation: 8196 a.d. in Asia Minor

major conflict

 · Matthew: Israel’s rejection of Jesus
 · Mark, Luke, Acts: The public doubt of Jesus’s role as the Son of God
 · Romans: The difficulty of incorporating both Jews and Gentiles into the early church
 · 1 and 2 Corinthians: The disunity caused by Corinth’s extreme religious piety

themes · The New Testament’s relation to the Old Testament; salvation for social outcasts; salvation through faith in Christ

motif · Geography

symbols  · The kingdom of heaven; the Good Samaritan; water, bread, and light; the olive tree; the body

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