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———. “Just ‘a Boy’ or ‘Already a Man’?: Manolin’s Age in The Old Man and the Sea,” The Hemingway Review 10, no. 2. 95–101.
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Morton, Bruce. “Santiago’s Apprenticeship: A Source for The Old Man and the Sea,” The Hemingway Review 2, no. 2. 52–55.Reynolds, Michael S. Hemingtway. 5 vols. New York: W. W. Norton, 1998–2000.
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Young, Philip. Ernest Hemingway. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1961.
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