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———. Frames in James: The Tragic Muse, The Turn of the Screw, What Maisie Knew, and The Ambassadors. British Columbia, Canada: University of Victoria, 1993.
Cranfill, Thomas Mabry, and Robert Lanier Clark, Jr. An Anatomy of The Turn of the Screw. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1965.
Edel, Leon. The Life of Henry James. New York: Penguin Books, 1963.
Heller, Terry. The Turn of the Screw: Bewildered Vision. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1989.
Lustig, T. J.Henry James and the Ghostly. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
Novick, Sheldon M.Henry James: The Young Master. New York: Random House, 1996.
Sheppard, E. A.Henry James and The Turn of the Screw. Auckland, New Zealand: Auckland University Press, 1974.
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