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Seize the Day

Saul Bellow

Key Facts

Important Quotations Explained

Study Questions and Suggested Essay Topics

full title ·  Seize the Day

author ·  Saul Bellow (Solomon Bellows)

type of work ·  Novel or Novella

genre ·  Modern novel, American novel, Novella. The novel has even been called a Jewish- American novel although, when asked, Bellow considered himself more "American" than "Jewish," or "Jewish-American."

language ·  English

time and place written ·  Written in 1956 when the Bellow was in New York

date of fist publication ·  1956

publisher ·  Seize the Day as it first appeared, the title story of a collection including three short stories and a one-act play, was first published by The Viking Press, 1956. Later, it was published independently in Great Britain, in 1957, by Weidenfeld & Nicolson.

narrator ·  An omniscient third person narrator that fluctuates in and out of the minds of all the characters in the novel, but takes on primarily the voice of the protagonist, Tommy Wilhelm.

point of view ·  The point of view is primarily that of the protagonist, Tommy Wilhelm. However, this is one of the great innovations of the novel. The point of view changes as does the tense. Most often, the narrator takes Tommy Wilhelm's point of view, but the point of view does also encompass the thoughts of other characters, such as Dr. Adler, Tommy's father. It is this shift in point of view that makes the narrator difficult to read, and it brings about the question of how to read parody, irony, paradox, and the narration's occasional ridicule of the main character.

tone ·  The authorial tone is dark and constantly in flux, just as is the character's. It is analytical, however, in it's constant changing. It illustrates the dark and solemn mood of the modern mad but finds redemption in its ultimate optimism.

tense ·  The tense fluctuates between past and present. Most of the time the narrator follows Tommy Wilhelm through the actions of one day but the action is constantly interrupted by flashbacks into the past and dives into the mind of the characters.

setting (time) ·  1950's in America, within the time frame of one day in the life of Tommy Wilhelm. Flashbacks occur about times from 1930s to 1950s.

setting (place) ·  New York (with the occasional change of backdrop in accordance with the flashbacks).

protagonist ·  Tommy Wilhelm. His original birth name was Wilhelm Adler. His father calls him Wilky. His grandfather called him Velvel.

major conflict ·  The burdens of a modern man. Tommy Wilhelm finds himself jobless, a failure in the eyes of his father, separated from his wife, in love with a woman he cannot marry because his wife will not grant him a divorce, under financial duress, and amidst a failed investment venture.

rising action ·  Tommy's confrontations with his father and his wife. His failed joint venture in the stock market and his relationship with Tamkin. The final rejections of his father and wife and, finally his encounter at the funeral of a dead stranger.

climax ·  When he finds himself at the funeral of a dead stranger and is moved to tears.

falling action ·  The surging tears of redemption, "happy oblivion," and understanding that Tommy experiences at the funeral of a stranger at the very end of the novel.

themes ·  The predicament of modern man, the internal life of a human being

motifs ·  Psychology, naturalism (the animal), and the city (urban landscape)

symbols ·  Water, clothing, and Olive

foreshadowing ·  The fact that the elevator at the beginning is "descending" and "sinking" foreshadows danger ahead–a kind of symbolic foreshadowing for the purgatorial, even hellish, environment of the rest of the novel and Tommy's state of mind.

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Q. Discuss critically the theme of victimization in 'Seize the Day'.

by touhidsm, April 30, 2014

Ans: Seize the day is a reflection of the times in which it was written. The novel was written in a post-war world. WWII created several factors that serve backdrop to Wilhelm's isolation, frustration and anxiety and that represent the feeling of many during the period. Read the full answer at

http://www.josbd.com/seize_the_day_1.html

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Q. Discuss critically the theme of victimization in 'Seize the Day'.

by touhidsm, April 30, 2014

Ans: Seize the day is a reflection of the times in which it was written. The novel was written in a post-war world. WWII created several factors that serve backdrop to Wilhelm's isolation, frustration and anxiety and that represent the feeling of many during the period. Read the full answer at

http://www.josbd.com/seize_the_day_1.html

Q. Discuss the theme of Alienation in Saul Bellow’s 'Seize the Day'.

by touhidsm, April 30, 2014

Answer: Alienation or sense of separation is one of the dominating themes in Bellow’s novel Seize the Day. Saul Bellow is primarily concerned with the well-worn modern dilemma of the individual: desperately isolated and profoundly alone in a society whose only God is money.. Read the full answer at

http://josbd.com/seize_the_day_2.html

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