**
Reflection
** -
A "flip" of the graph over a line or point.

**
Rotation
** -
A revolution of the graph around a point.

**
Shrink
** -
Make the graph smaller without changing its proportions.

*In the
**x*
direction. Multiply the input of a function by a constant >
1.

*In the
**y*
direction. Divide the output of a function by a
constant > 1.

**
Stretch
** -
Make the graph larger without changing its proportions.

*In the
**x*
direction. Divide the input of a function by a constant >
1.

*In the
**y*
direction. Multiply the output of a function by a constant >
1.

**
Translation
** -
A shift of the graph up, down, left, or right, without changing the shape, size,
or dimensions of the graph.