Voltaire's political philosophy inspired both the American and French Revolutions, and his sense of humor is still legendary today. So is his taste in women. Voltaire managed to woo one of the brightest mathematicians and philosophers of all time: Emilie du Chatelet. She was married, but her husband saw good financial sense in the affair, since Voltaire volunteered to bankroll Emilie's extravagant tastes. Oh, the French.