The Late 19th Century
Renowned novelists Jules Verne and H.G. Wells ushered science fiction into the modern era despite their methods being entirely disparate. Where Verne was concerned with attributing a level of plausibility to his otherwise near fictitious technology—as seen in Journey to the Center of the Earth and Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea—Wells instead used his novels as vehicles for social commentary, as well as opting to forgo technical jargon. It is these philosophical approaches to science fiction that created two clashing schools of thought that debate this issue even now.