5. Neanderthals Had a Creative Side
Pictured here is the Divje Babe flute, which was discovered amongst the rubble of an old Neanderthal settlement in Slovenia. There's no way to be sure that this was actually used as a flute, but the precise punctures are tantalizing clues nonetheless. If it was used for music, then it's by far the oldest instrument in the world. And that's not the only evidence that Neanderthals had an artistic side. There is some speculation that Neanderthals, not humans, were the first painters, due to the age of wall art inside the famous El Castillo cave. Either humans settled that area far earlier than we thought, or the mysterious images were in fact pioneered by our Neanderthal cousins.