Teddy Roosevelt, 26th President
In Brownsville, Texas, in 1906, the white population hated the black soldiers of the 25th Infantry Regiment. A shooting that killed one (white) person and wounded another was immediately pinned on the soldiers, even though their all-white commanders said they were in the barracks at the time. But evidence was planted, inspectors believed the white townspeople, and the soldiers were pressured to reveal which of them did it. When they refused (because they were innocent), Roosevelt ordered many of them to be dishonorably discharged. Roosevelt tried more than most during this era to ease racial discrimination and he saw Buffalo Soldiers fight bravely in Cuba, but he failed big time in this instance.