The Communist Manifesto

by: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

II. Proletarians and Communists

1

The immediate aim of the Communists is the same as that of all other proletarian parties: formation of the proletariat into a class, overthrow of the bourgeois supremacy, conquest of political power by the proletariat.

2

Capital is, therefore, not a personal, it is a social power.

3

Communism deprives no man of the power to appropriate the products of society; all that it does is to deprive him of the powers to subjugate the labours of others by means of such appropriation.

4

We have seen above, that the first step in the revolution by the working class is to raise the proletariat to the position of ruling class, to win the battle of democracy.

5

When, in the course of development, class distinctions have disappeared, and all production has been concentrated in the hands of a vast association of the whole nation, the public power will lose its political character. Political power, properly so called, is merely the organized power of one class for oppressing another.