1. Maria is applying for a job at an ad
agency. At the interview, she’s asked to list some creative things she can do
with a diamond necklace. One of the things she lists is Put it in the
trash basket. Can this be considered a creative solution? Why or
Maria’s solution cannot be considered creative, because a creative
solution must be both novel and useful. Putting a diamond necklace in the
trash may be novel, but most people wouldn’t consider it useful.
2. What criteria can be used to determine
whether a particular system of communication is a language?
A language must use symbols and syntax and be meaningful and
3. What revolutionary idea did Noam Chomsky
propose regarding language?
Noam Chomsky proposed that humans are born with an innate language
acquisition device that allows them to acquire language easily.
4. A mansion and a tent are both houses, but
people would probably agree that a mansion is a house more quickly than they
would agree that a tent is a house. Why is this the case?
Mansions fit most people’s prototypes of the concept house better than tents do.
5. What are two strategies for making
decisions about preferences?
Two strategies for making preference decisions are additive strategies
and elimination strategies.