Review Questions
Review Questions
1. Cellular respiration is the process by which cells convert the energy available in food to which energy-rich compound?
(A) ADP
(B) Glucose
(C) Water
(D) ATP
(E) Oxygen
2. Which of the following processes does not occur in the mitochondria?
(A) Glycolysis
(B) The citric acid cycle
(C) Electron transport chain
(D) Photosynthesis
(E) Oxidative phosphorylation
3. How many nucleotides specify an amino acid?
(A) 1
(B) 3
(C) 6
(D) 9
(E) 12
4. What tRNA anticodons correspond to the mRNA nucleotide sequence AUGCUG?
(A) TAC and GAC
(B) UAC and GAC
(C) UA, CG, and AC
(D) GAC and TAC
(E) SAT and ACE
5. What DNA sequence codes for the tRNA anticodon CAU?
(A) GUA
(B) CAT
(C) GTA
(D) CAU
(E) UAC
6. During which of the following cell cycle phases does DNA replication take place?
(A) Mitosis
(B) Prophase
(C) Interphase
(D) Metaphase
(E) Cytokinesis
7. Chromosomes are made up of which of the following substances?
(A) Carbohydrates
(B) Adenosine triphosphate
(C) Adenosine diphosphate
(D) Deoxyribonucleic acid
(E) Phospholipid bilayer
8. Which of the following is the human haploid number?
(A) 10
(B) 23
(C) 30
(D) 46
(E) 92
9. What is the name for the process by which the cytoplasm of a cell divides to form two daughter cells?
(A) Cytokinesis
(B) Prophase
(C) Metaphase
(D) Anaphase
(E) Telophase
10. Which compound is both an initial reactant and final product of the Krebs cycle?
(A) Pyruvate
(B) Glucose
(C) Citric acid
(D) NADH
(E) Oxaloacetic acid
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