The Great Depression and the New Deal
The Great Depression and the New Deal
Trends and Themes of the Era
  • The frenzied speculation and mergers of the booming economy in the 1920s led to the economic depression of the 1930s.
  • Under President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the government committed itself to unprecedented levels of regulation and control over the national economy. These policies of the New Deal made FDR and the Democrats extremely popular and changed the role of government in American’s lives forever.
  • FDR’s policies changed the demographics of the political parties. His support for blacks, the poor, and labor unions won him and the Democrats support from those groups—a support base that remains in place today. Up until that time, blacks tended to vote for Republicans (Republicans had been the antislavery party during the Civil War and Reconstruction). FDR’s policies also lost Democrats their traditional support from the white South.
  • The Depression, a worldwide phenomenon, created the circumstances that allowed for Fascists to rise to power in Germany and Italy.
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