
Guessing and the Math IC
Should you guess on SAT II Math IC? We’ll answer this
question by posing a question of our own:

One out of 5, or ^{1}⁄_{5},
of course! And that’s precisely the situation you’re in when you
blindly guess the answer on any SAT II Math IC question: you have
a 1 in 5 chance of getting the question right. If you were to guess
on 10 questions, probability says you’ll get two questions right
and eight questions wrong.
 Two right answers earns you 2 raw points.
 Eight wrong answers gets you –2 raw points (8 –
^{1}/_{4} points).
Those ten answers, therefore, net you a total of 0 points.
And that’s exactly what ETS wants. They designed the test to make
blind guessing pointless.
Educated Guessing
But suppose you’re faced with this question:

Let’s say you have no idea how to solve this problem.
But you look at the answer choices, and realize that 0 multiplied
by any number equals 0. If you plug that into the equation, cannot add
up to 6. You can eliminate “0” as a possible
answer, and now have four choices from which to choose. Now is it
worth it to guess? Yes. Probability states that if you are guessing
between four choices you will get one question right for every three you
get wrong. For that one correct answer, you’ll get one point, and
for the three incorrect answers, you’ll lose a total of
^{3}/_{4} of
a point: 1 – ^{3}/_{4} =
^{1}/_{4} .
If you can eliminate even one answer, the odds of guessing turn
in your favor: you become more likely to gain points than to lose
points.
The rule for guessing on the Math IC test is simple: if
you can eliminate even one answerchoice on a question, you should
definitely guess.
