Radians and Degrees
Radians are another way to measure angles. Sometimes radians
will be used in questions, and other times you may choose to use
them since they are sometimes more convenient than degrees.
A degree is equal to 1
/360 of a circle,
while a radian is equal to the angle that intercepts an arc of the
same length as the radius of the circle. In the figure below, arc AB has
length r, and the central angle measures one radian.
When converting between the two measurement systems, use
which can be simplified to:
To convert from degrees to radians:
multiply the degree measure by π
/180. For example,
60º is equal to 60π/
180 = π
To convert from radians to degrees:
multiply the measure in radians by 180
/π. For example,
is equal to 180π/
4π = 45º.
Here are the most important angle measures in degrees
On the Math IC, it is sometimes a better idea to work
solely in radians, rather than convert back and forth between radians
and degrees. Using radians is especially easy on graphing calculators
that allow you to switch into radian mode.