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Review Questions

1. Describe Shays’ Rebellion and its significance to American history.

Shays’ Rebellion was an uprising by farmers in western Massachusetts against high taxes and heavy debt. It was significant because it highlighted the weakness of the national government under the Articles of Confederation.

2. Why did the Antifederalists oppose the Constitution?

Antifederalists believed that the Constitution gave too much power to the national government and took too much power away from the states.

3. What was the Great Compromise?

The Great Compromise was a compromise between delegates favoring the Virginia Plan, which called for representation by population, and the New Jersey Plan, which called for equal representation for each state. The Compromise created a bicameral legislature in which the upper house—the Senate—has equal representation for each state, whereas seats in the lower house—the House of Representatives—are apportioned according to the population of each state.