1. What is the Australian ballot? Why does it matter?
The Australian ballot is a secret ballot: No one can see for whom one votes. It allows voters to avoid pressure to vote for a specific candidate and undercuts selling votes.
2. Describe the difference between an open primary and a closed primary.
In an open primary, someone does not need to belong to a party to participate, but that person can only vote for one party’s candidates. In a closed primary, only party members may vote; most states hold this type of primary.
3. What are some reasons why voter turnout is low in the United States?
Some explanations for low turnout include inconvenience, registration, similarity of the parties, alienation, frequency of elections, and lack of competitiveness.