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Review Questions

1. What is a nation?

A nation is a group of people who share a common language, history, and culture.

2. Describe the rise of the nation-state.

The nation-state began to emerge in the early modern era. Monarchs worked to unify their nations by concentrating power in the central government and undermining the power of the nobility. The process took a long time and frequently required violence.

3. What two current trends raise doubts about the future of the nation-state?

Transnationalism, sometimes called globalization, is the rise of trade and political arrangements that break down national borders. Devolution is the practice of governments ceding power to regional government, sometimes even granting them autonomy.