Bakunin, Mikhail. Statism and Anarchy. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
The classic statement of anarchism.
Burke, Edmund. Reflections on the Revolution in France. Indianapolis: Hackett, 1987.
A prominent exposition of classical conservatism.
Dahl, Robert. Polyarchy. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1972.
A recent examination of democratic theory, although Dahl’s polyarchy is not quite the same as democracy.
Fukuyama, Francis. The End of History and the Last Man. New York: Free Press, 1992.
A foundational philosophical text of the contemporary neoconservative movement in the United States.
Hayek, F. A. The Road to Serfdom. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.
A recent exposition of free market conservatism.
Nozick, Robert. Anarchy, State and Utopia. New York: Basic Books, 1977.
A philosophically rich defense of libertarian views.
Smith, Adam. The Wealth of Nations. New York: Modern Library, 1994.
The first formulation of the key ideas of free market capitalism. An immensely influential book.
The website of the Center for American Progress, an American liberal organization.
This website gives side-by-side comparisons of American liberalism and conservatism.
The website of the Cato Institute, a leading libertarian think tank.
The website of the American Conservative Union, which promotes conservatism and rates politicians.
The website of the American Libertarian Party.
This website contains a thorough discussion of the “Red State/Blue State” divide in the United States.