But contrary to appearances, these losses were more damaging to the Confederacy, due to proportions and dwindling provisions. Grant, despite his losses, succeeded in gaining several positions around Richmond by mid-June. Still, he and Lincoln came under heavy criticism for the carnage of the campaign. In the bleakest instance, at Cold Harbor, during a single half-hour of fighting, Grant lost a staggering 7,000 men.
Further south, Sherman took a different approach. Slashing through Tennessee and Georgia, further from the home front, he marched his forces whenever he could, stopping to fight only out of necessity. Those who supported Grant's strategy criticized Sherman for what was viewed as an overly passive and ineffectual strategy. Such reservations began to fester after Sherman surrounded Atlanta but was unable to capture it, instead having to dig in for an extended siege. Like Sherman, Lincoln too would dig in his heels as the summer of 1864 dragged on, hoping desperately to win again the office that he had so narrowly secured four years before.