The American Heart Association has released a number of guidelines for diet modification in the prevention and treatment of hyperlipidemia. These guidelines advocate the following measures:
More specifically, the "Step I" diet advocates the following goals:
This diet is recommended for patients with hyperlipidemia and no coronary heart disease.
Failure to achieve the recommended lipid goals in patients with hyperlipidemia, no coronary heart disease, and two or more risk factors requires consideration of the "Step II" diet:
These dietary recommendations are also appropriate for all patients with hyperlipidemia and established coronary heart disease.