Bernstein, Richard B. with Rice, Kym S. Are We to Be a Nation? The Making of the Constitution. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1987.

Jensen, Merrill. The Articles of Confederation. Madison, WI: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1970.

Mitchell, Broadus and Mitchell, Louise Pearson. A Biography of The Constitution of the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1964.

Morgan, Edmund S. The Birth of the Republic 1763-89. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1977.

Morris, Richard B. The Forging of the Union 1781-1789. New York: Harper & Row, Publishers, Inc., 1987.

Popular pages: The Articles of Confederation (1781-1789)