Fromkin, David. Europe’s Last Summer: Who Started the Great War in 1914. New York: Knopf, 2004.

Fussell, Paul. The Great War and Modern Memory. New York: Oxford University Press, 1975.

Gilbert, Martin. The First World War: A Complete History. New York: Henry Holt, 1994.

Howard, Michael. The First World War. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Massie, Robert K. Castles of Steel: Britain, Germany, and the Winning of the Great War at Sea. New York: Random House, 2003.

Stokesbury, James L. A Short History of World War I. New York: William Morrow, 1981.

Popular pages: World War I (1914–1919)