Analysis

The surprise of both the Conservative and Socialist parties at the outcome of the elections shows that the results reflect the will of the people, legitimating the socialist government. The Conservative party won elections through bribery and intimidation and, therefore, was always assured of its victory before it was officially announced. The fact that they are again sure of wining this election shows that their tactics have not changed. However, since a critical mass of the population refused to be bribed or intimidated, this time the results are different. The extremely un-democratic nature of the Conservative party is revealed further when instead of accepting the unfavorable election results, they attempt to sabotage the socialist government. The Conservatives do not rely on their money and influence alone. They quickly call on foreign aid. This foreign aid is given with conditions attached. The subtle suggestions of the influence of foreign powers that has been seen in the British schools Jaime, Nicolas, Blanca, and Alba attend becomes quite evident. The Conservatives accept foreign presence in and partial control of their country as a means to remain in power. No specific foreign countries are named, but it is intimated that these countries are the United States and possibly some European nations. While the conservatives accuse the socialists of also accepting foreign influence, from the Russians, there is little evidence that such influence actually occurs. The Socialists, rather, receive all of their support form the people, who are willing to endure great suffering in return for the equality and freedom that the socialists offer them. The leaders of the socialist party are also described as reluctant leaders. Pedro Tercero would rather farm and play revolutionary music than hold a governmental post. This stands in opposition to the career politicians of the Conservative party, such as Esteban.

Not every love affair in the story overcomes adversity. Jaime and Amanda's affair does not end happily, although Jaime and Amanda share an unspoken love, which is kindled during Amanda's relationship with Nicolas and her subsequent abortion. This love is described as equally real and deep as that shared by Blanca and Pedro Tercero or Alba and Miguel. When they meet years later they both remember their initial attraction and form a relationship based on it, but, unlike the others, over the years Jaime has lost his passion for Amanda. There is no particular reason for this difference. It serves to destroy any notion that love can and will always surmount all obstacles, which could otherwise be assumed to be one of the messages of The House of the Spirits.

Time and necessity do begin to heal Esteban's relationships with Blanca and Pedro Tercero. Although no kind words are exchanged and no forgiveness is expressed, Esteban accepts Blanca and Pedro Tercero's help in saving his life. In his intermediary position as a peasant leader but also as Blanca's lover, Pedro Tercero is able to negotiate for Esteban's release. This is one of the first moments when the personal overcomes and begins to heal political divisions.