As they reach adulthood, Jaime and Nicolas disturb any clear dichotomy between male and female characteristics. Up until this point, the upper class men of the new generation have been conservative, while the peasant men and all of the women have been liberal. Jaime in his political liberalism and Nicolas in his social liberalism disturb this gender division.

Esteban Trueba has been an incredibly violent man his entire life, especially toward women. Although no one has ever condoned his actions, he has not ever been severely punished for them. In this chapter, Esteban begins to feel the results of his violence. From this point on, he will increasingly feel those results. He begins to feel remorse for his angry outbursts, but always too late. Esteban suffers greatly from Clara's refusal to speak to him, or to allow him to touch her, but he does not curb his violence. After learning of Blanca's pregnancy, Esteban seeks revenge on Pedro Tercero. That revenge is the most direct source of the chapter's title. However, in wreaking revenge on Pedro Tercero, Esteban also learns that revenge is not as simple or as satisfying as he wishes. In addition, all of those who Esteban has wronged begin to get revenge on him. Esteban Garcia reappears. His character and his need for revenge have been shadow details since Esteban's first rape of Pancha. Esteban Garcia reveals himself not only to harbor a vengeful wish against Esteban Trueba, but also to be a traitor. It may be in turning against Pedro Tercero that Esteban Garcia was attempting to ally himself with Esteban Trueba. In that case, the action would not clearly situate Esteban Garcia as a traitor. However, if Esteban Trueba's accusation does not reflect a current situation, it creates and predicts a future one.