“Whatever He Did Had Flourish” establishes Papa’s pride as the defining trait through which we can trace his downfall. Wakatsuki initially portrays Papa as a resourceful, adventurous, and dashing young man whose pride gives him strength of character. His pride manifests itself not only in his anger at his own father’s degradation but also in the earnestness with which he lives his daily life, turning out for jobs in a brand new suit. This loving picture of Papa contrasts with Wakatsuki’s later, frightening picture of him, after the war and the internment have warped his pride into misdirected anger and resentment. Papa’s ultimate failure to fit in to American society is important to Wakatsuki’s story because it serves as a counterpoint to Jeanne’s own attempts to reconcile her Japanese ethnicity with her American identity. Papa and Jeanne’s experiences differ, however, in that Jeanne’s struggle leads to her eventual growth and self-realization, whereas Papa’s struggle defeats him and leaves him alienated from both his family and his identity.