The second finale further develops the arbitrariness of values that is at the center of the play. Traditional moral values would attempt to purge the characters of personal sins such as adultery, violence, gluttony, and greed. To sort out those problems, however, Macheath argues that one first has to sort out the problem of the starving millions, whom society continues to profit from. So long as one lives in a society in which the pursuit of self-interest is rewarded, the Peachums and the Macheaths alike will thrive. All the moralizing in the world will not change people from only thinking of themselves. As with the first finale, the argument is intentionally open-ended. This argument forces the audience to consider the situation and come up with a solution. The audience sees that most of the characters have turned to self-interest, and therefore, they are left to face the question of how to end the oppression that exists in society.