Locke, it seems, is on very good ground against Berkeley here. His materialist hypothesis explains these various marks of experience extremely well, whereas Berkeley's hypothesis explains the evidence to a lesser degree. Inference to the best explanation, then, favors materialism over idealism, which means, in short, that contrary to what Berkeley claims, we do have an excellent basis on which to infer the existence of mind-independent material objects. Materialism does not have to lead to skepticism, after all.

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