Johannes tries to clarify this distinction by describing what he would do in Abraham's shoes. He exemplifies the ethical movement of infinite resignation: he accepts that Isaac is lost, but he is unable to enter into a private relationship with God. He cannot simply go and kill Isaac, but must lament his loss and resign himself to his fate. Johannes remarks that his resignation would be a substitute for faith: it is an understandable sentiment, and one that would connect Johannes to sympathetic onlookers. Abraham's faith is beyond understanding, and his ability to draw the knife on Isaac without the slightest sign of remorse could only seem like barbarism to an onlooker.