· Run by Plato, the Academy was the center of Greek learning. Aristotle
spent twenty years there and owes a great deal of his life's work
to this formative influence.
· A self-governing political unit that is sometimes under
the power of an overseeing nation, as Athens was in Greece.
Four Causes -
· Aristotle's classification of the kinds of causes that
a natural philosopher must investigate: 1) the constituent factor;
2) the form or pattern; 3) the immediate origin; and 4) the end
Good life -
· For Aristotle, the good life required community participation, for
man was incomplete otherwise. Since reason and language are what
set man apart from the other animals, he must exercise them in
a public forum to live a fulfilling life.
· The rival school that Aristotle set up after he returned
to Athens. While the Academy continued to thrive on mostly mathematical courses
of study, Aristotle's school, the Lyceum, focused more on biology
and natural history. It was here that Aristotle wrote most of his
· A substance that underlies the real attributes of the
· A syllogism consists of certain assumptions or premises
from which a conclusion can be deduced. The syllogism was the basic element
on which Aristotle's logical system rested.
· The consideration of natural ends or purposes in
Unmoved Mover -
· The first cause of all motion that is itself unmoved.
Aristotle extended this natural science concept to his theology,
arguing that the Unmoved Mover was equivalent to God. The being
is perfect and eternal but does not take an interest in the world.
Macedonian king who would conquer the Persian Empire. Aristotle
served as his tutor for three years.
Nephew of Aristotle and official historian of the Persian expedition.
Callisthenes died a martyr because he refused to submit to the
of Aristotle's at the Academy. Eudemus's death inspired a work on
the immortality of the soul.
close friend of Aristotle who became allied with Philip II in planning
for the Persian conquest. Hermeias was captured and tortured, but
he did not betray his alliance. Aristotle wrote a hymn upon his death.
father and King of Macedonia. Philip II invited Aristotle to serve
as his son's tutor.
spent twenty years at Plato's Academy. Nearly all of his work can,
to some extent, be traced back to Plato's influence, though he
also disagreed with much of Plato's thought.
colleague who left with Aristotle upon Plato's death. Xenocrates
would later assume leadership of the Academy, and Aristotle went
on to form the Lyceum.