Durant, Will and Ariel. The Age of Reason Begins. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1961.
Palmer, R.R., and Colton, Joel. A History of the Modern World. New York: Knopf, 1984.
Reston, James. Galileo: A Life. New York: HarperCollins, 1994.
Sobel, Dava. Galileo's Daughter. New York: Walker and Co., 1999.
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