John F. Kennedy
People, Terms, and Events
May 29, 1917:
·Birth of John F. Kennedy in Brookline, Massachusetts.
·Kennedy family moves to Riverdale, N.Y.
·Stock market crash triggers the Great Depression.
·JFK enrolls in Choate.
·JFK graduates from Choate, ranked 64th in a class
·JFK enrolls in Princeton; he drops out due to illness
later that year.
·JFK attends Harvard University.
·Joseph Kennedy, Sr. is named ambassador to Great
Winter 1938-Summer 1939:
·JFK tours Europe.
·Outbreak of World War II (1939-45) in Europe.
·JFK writes his senior thesis, on English foreign
policy prior to World War II.
·JFK's thesis is published, under the title Why
·JFK enters the U.S. armed forces.
December 7, 1941:
·Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor, compelling the U.S. to
enter World War II.
·JFK serves on, and then commands, a Motor Torpedo
Boat, or "PT Boat," in the South Pacific.
August 2, 1943:
·JFK's PT boat is rammed by a Japanese destroyer.
Under his leadership, most of the crew is eventually rescued.
JFK receives the Purple Heart for his heroics.
·JFK enters Boston's Chelsea Naval Hospital with a
lower back condition.
August 12, 1944:
·Joseph Kennedy, Jr. is killed while flying a mission
March 1, 1945:
·JFK is discharged from the Navy.
June 17, 1946:
·JFK wins the Democratic primary for Massachusetts'
Eleventh Congressional District.
·JFK is elected to the House of Representatives.
·JFK is elected to a second term in the House. While
on a trip to England, he is diagnosed with Addison's Disease.
His condition is kept secret from the public.
·Wisconsin Senator Joseph McCarthy claims to have
a list of Communists employed in the State Department. The era
of "McCarthyism" begins.
·JFK is elected to a third term in the House.
·JFK defeats Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. to win election
to the United States Senate. In the presidential election, Dwight
Eisenhower and his running mate, Richard Nixon, defeat Adlai Stevenson.
September 12, 1953:
·JFK marries Jacqueline Bouvier.
December 2, 1954:
·Joseph McCarthy is censured by the U.S. Senate.
JFK abstains from voting on the resolution.
·JFK "writes" Profiles in Courage,
a history of heroic American senators. In fact, the book is largely
written by his speechwriter, Theodore Sorensen.
·At the Democratic National Convention, Tennessee
Senator Estes Kefauver edges JFK out to become Adlai Stevenson's
·Eisenhower crushes Stevenson and wins re-election.
Profiles in Courage is awarded the
November 27, 1957:
·Caroline Bouvier Kennedy, JFK's daughter, is born.
November 1958: �
·JFK wins re-election to the Senate by a comfortable
·JFK wins the Democratic nomination for president
and picks Lyndon Johnson as his running mate.
November 8, 1960:
·JFK defeats Nixon and becomes president.
November 25, 1960:
·Birth of John F. Kennedy, Jr.
January 20, 1961:
·John F. Kennedy is sworn in as President of the United
·JFK announces the establishment of the Peace Corps.
·Attempted U.S.-backed invasion of Cuba ends in disaster
at the Bay of Pigs.
·JFK and Nikita Khrushchev hold a summit in Vienna.
·U.S.A. and Latin American nations join in the "Alliance
·JFK forces the steel industry to eliminate a price
October 16, 1962:
·The U.S. obtains photos of Soviet missile emplacements
in Cuba, bringing about the Cuban Missile Crisis.
October 22, 1962:
·JFK announces naval quarantine of Cuba.
October 28, 1962:
·Soviet Union agrees to remove its missiles from Cuba.
·JFK calls civil rights struggle a "moral crisis"
August 5, 1963:
·U.S. and Soviet Union agree to a nuclear test-ban
Early November, 1963:
·U.S.-backed coup overthrows the government of South Vietnam,
replaces it with a military dictatorship.
November 22, 1963:
·JFK is assassinated while riding through the streets
of Dallas, Texas. Lyndon Johnson becomes president.