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Peterson, Merrill, ed. The Founding Fathers: James Madison, A Biography in His Own Words. New York: Newsweek, 1974.
Rakove, Jack. James Madison and the Creation of the American Republic. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman/Little, Brown, 1990.
Rutland, Robert Allen. James Madison: The Founding Father. New York: Macmillan, 1987.
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