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Napoleon Bonaparte

Timeline

Important Terms, People, and Events

The Young Napoleon

August 15, 1769: ·Napoleon Bonaparte born in Ajaccio, Corsica.
May 17, 1779: ·Napoleon begins study at the royal military academy
October 17, 1784: ·Enrolls in the Ecole Militaire
October 28, 1785: ·Graduates from Ecole Militaire with the rank of second lieutenant in the artillery.
November 3, 1785: ·Stationed in Valence
July 14, 1789: ·Paris mob storms the Bastille
May-October, 1792: ·While in Paris with his regiment, Napoleon witnesses the storming of the Tuileries Palace and the dethroning of the French King, Louis XVI.
June 13, 1793: ·Accused of being too pro-French, Napoleon and his family flee their household in Corsica
December 22, 1793: ·For his courage at an internal French battle at Toulon, Napoleon receives the new rank of brigadier general
August 9-20, 1794: ·Napoleon is imprisoned under suspicion of being a Jacobin and a supporter of Robespierre
June 13, 1795: ·Napoleon is promoted to General of the Army of the West
October 5, 1795: ·The government assigns Napoleon the task of suppressing civil strife and rebellion against the Republic
October 15, 1785: ·At the home of Paul Francois Barras, a Directory member, Napoleon meets Rose de Beauharnais (Josephine)
October 16, 1785: ·Barras helps Napoleon win promotion to Commander of the Army of the Interior
March 2, 1786: ·Napoleon is given command of the French army in Italy
March 9, 1796: ·Napoleon marries Josephine
March 11, 1796: ·Italian campaign against Austria begins
May 10, 1796: ·Napoleon wins the Battle of Lodi
November 17, 1796: ·Napoleon wins the Battle of Arcole
January 14, 1797: ·Napoleon wins the Battle of Rivoli
October 17, 1797: ·Napoleon draws up the Treaty of Campo-Formio with Austria
December 5, 1797: ·He returns to Paris a hero
May 19, 1798: ·Napoleon begins his Egyptian campaign
July 2, 1798: ·Fall of Alexandria
July 21, 1798: ·Wins Battle of the Pyramids against Mamelukes in Egypt
July 24, 1798: ·Fall of Cairo
August 1, 1798: ·Under the command of Admiral Nelson, the British fleet destroys the French navy in the Battle of Aboukir
August 23, 1799: ·Receiving news of turmoil in France, Napoleon returns to Paris
November 9-10, 1799: ·Following a coup d'etat, Napoleon becomes First Consul of the new French government
February 19, 1800: ·Sets up a household in Tuileries Palace
May 20, 1800: ·Napoleon leads his army across the Alps in the Second Italian Campaign
June 14, 1800: ·Wins Battle of Marengo against Austria
February 9, 1800: ·Treaty with Austria signed at Luneville
July 15, 1801: ·Signing of the Concordat between France and Rome ends schism between the French government and the Catholic Church
December 24, 1801: ·Napoleon escapes an assassination attempt
March 25, 1802: ·Treaty of Amiens signed with Britain
May 1, 1802: ·Napoleon restructures French educational system
August 4, 1802: ·New constitution adopted, making Napoleon First Consul for life
May 3, 1803: ·France sells Louisiana territory to U.S.
May 16, 1803: ·England violates Treaty of Amiens
May 18, 1804: ·Senate proclaims Napoleon Emperor
December 2, 1804: ·Napoleon crowns himself Emperor in Notre-Dame Cathedral, Paris
March 17, 1805: ·Napoleon is crowned king of Italy in Milan
October 21, 1805: ·The Battle of Trafalgar marks yet another naval defeat to the British under the command of Admiral Nelson
December 2, 1805: ·Victory in the Battle of Austerlitz against Austria and Russia
March 30, 1806: ·Napoleon names his brother, Joseph Bonaparte, king of Naples, and appoints other family members to various other posts
June 14, 1807: ·Defeats the Russians at the Battle of Friedland
July 7, 1807: ·Czar Alexander I makes peace with Napoleon in the Treaty of Tilsit
July 22, 1807: ·Napoleon creates the Grand Duchy of Warsaw (Poland), to be overseen by France
November 30, 1807: ·Beginning of French occupation of Portugal
February 20, 1808: ·Napoleon sends the French marshal Joachim Murat to lead an army in Spain
May 2, 1808: ·Unsuccessful Spanish revolt against French army under Murat
June 4, 1808: ·Napoleon names Joseph Bonaparte King of Spain, and Murat King of Naples
December 15, 1809: ·Divorces Josephine
April 2, 1810: ·Marries Marie-Louise, Archduchess of Austria
March 20, 1811: ·Napoleon's son born, referred to as the "King of Rome"
June 24, 1812: ·Russian Campaign begins
September 14, 1812: ·Grand Army enters Moscow to find the city abandoned and set aflame by the inhabitants; retreating in the midst of a frigid winter, the army suffers devastating losses
December 18, 1812: ·Napoleon returns to Paris
March 17, 1813: ·Prussia declares war on France
June 21, 1813: ·The French fall to Spain in the Battle of Vitoria
January 1814: ·Anti-French coalition army enters France
March 30-31, 1814: ·Paris falls
April 2, 1814: ·Senate proclaims end of the Empire; Napoleon's wife and son flee Paris.
April 4, 1814: ·Napoleon abdicates his rule and Louis XVIII, a Bourbon, is restored to the French throne
May 4, 1814: ·Napoleon is exiled to Elba; his wife and son take refuge in Vienna
March 1, 1815: ·Escaping Elba, Napoleon returns in South France
March 7, 1815: ·Napoleon rallies the French army
March 20, 1815: ·Louis XVIII flees, Napoleon takes control, begins "Hundred Days" campaign
June 18, 1815: ·Defeated in the Battle of Waterloo by the British and Prussians, led by Wellington and Blucher
June 22, 1815: ·Abdicates for the second time
October 16, 1815: ·Napoleon is exiled to Saint Helena
March 5, 1821: ·Napoleon dies

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Wrong date.

by kbbaby224, November 18, 2013

It wasn't in 1814 that he abdicated this throne. He abdicated his throne in 1815

response to abdication

by brianohhh, November 22, 2013

To the comment above.
Actually - Napoleon did sign an abdication on April 4, 1814, after the Allies ganged up on him and invaded France successfully. In 1815 he was sent to St.Helena after he had escaped from Elba and was defeated at Waterloo.

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Waterloo Error

by brianohhh, November 22, 2013

The article makes a massive and typical blunder in stating Napoleon fought 'the British army' at Waterloo. In fact Wellington's army was made up of various nationalities; British, Dutch, Belgian, various German states. Of the 68,000 strong army of Wellington, just over 24,000 were actually British.

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