Important People, Terms, and Events
December 21, 1879:
·birth of Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, later
known as Stalin
·Stalin enters Gori Church School
·Stalin enrolls in Tiflis Theological Seminary
·First Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Labour
May 29, 1899:
·Stalin is expelled from the Seminary
April 5, 1902:
·Stalin arrested for the first time, exiled to Siberia
·the Social Democrats split into Bolsheviks and Mensheviks.
January 5, 1904:
·Stalin escapes from Siberia, the first of many escapes
from exile in the following decade.
·Revolution in Russia. Nicholas II announces constitutional
reforms, and the creation of the Duma, or elected assembly. Stalin
marries Yekaterina Svanidze.
·Stalin goes as a delegate to Bolshevik conference
in Finland, meets Lenin for the first time.
·Birth of Stalin's first child, Yakov
·Death of Yekaterina
·Bolsheviks officially separate from Social Democrats,
Stalin appointed to the Party's Central Committee by Lenin.
·Stalin co-writes, with Lenin, "Marxism and the National Question"
·Outbreak of World War I.
·Beginning of Russian Revolution. The Tsar's government
falls, replaced with a Provisional Government. Bolsheviks, including Stalin,
hasten to St. Petersburg
·Lenin returns from Switzerland, rebukes Stalin for
taking a conciliar line with the Provisional Government.
·Bolsheviks overthrow Provisional Government, seize
power. Stalin plays only a minor role.
·Stalin marries Nadezhda Alliluyeva
·Civil war in Russia. Trotsky organizes Red Army;
Stalin commands forces in Tsaritsyn, Petrograd (St. Petersburg),
·Birth of Stalin's second child, Vasily
·Official founding of Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
·Stalin elected General Secretary of the Communist
May 25, 1922:
·Lenin suffers his first stroke
January 4, 1923:
·Lenin, in a postscript to his Testament, warns the
Party to remove Stalin from his position of power.
March 7, 1923:
·Lenin suffers final stroke, loses his powers of speech
January 21, 1924:
·Death of Lenin. Stalin survives the reading of the
Testament by the Central Committee in May.
·Stalin publicly attacks Trotsky for being unfaithful
·Stalin publicly articulates his theory of "Socialism
in One Country."
·Allied with Bukharin and the "Rightists," Stalin begins
attacks on Zinoviev.
February 28, 1926:
·Birth of Stalin's third child, Svetlana
·At the Fifteenth Party Congress, Stalin attacks the
"United Opposition" of Zinoviev, Kamenev, and Trotsky.
·Beginning of the first Five-Year Plan
·Kamenev and Zinoviev expelled from the Party; Trotsky expelled
and sent to Central Asia.
·Stalin begins assault on Bukharin
·Bukharin removed from the Politburo
·Stalin announces "liquidation of the kulaks as a class";
collectivization begins in earnest.
·Terrible famine across the Soviet Union; millions
November 8, 1932:
·Suicide of Nadezhda
December 1, 1934:
·Murder, by Stalin's agents, of Sergei Kirov. Beginning
of "Great Terror," which continues until 1938.
·Zinoviev, Kamenev, and others are arrested, accused
of complicity in Kirov's assassination.
·First "Show Trial." Zinoviev, Kamenev, and their
allies confess and are executed.
·Second Show Trial
·Purge of the army begins, top generals are tried and
·Third Show Trial, conviction and execution of Bukharin,
·At Eighteenth Party Congress, Stalin announces end
of the Great Terror.
August 23, 1939:
·Nazi-Soviet Pact is signed in Moscow
·Outbreak of World War II
August 20, 1940:
·Trotsky assassinated, by Stalin's agents, in Mexico
June 21, 1941:
·Hitler invades Soviet Union
August 1942-February 1943:
· Battle of Stalingrad. Germans are defeated, marking
the turning point in the war.
· Stalin meets with Roosevelt and Churchill in Teheran
·Stalin meets with Roosevelt and Churchill at Yalta
April 31, 1945:
·Hitler commits suicide in bombed-out Berlin, ending
war in Europe. Red Army controls all of Eastern Europe.
·United States uses atomic bomb against Japan, bringing
an end to the war in the Pacific.
·Communists seize power in Czechoslovakia, cementing
Soviet control of Eastern Europe.
·Soviets blockade East Berlin.
·Communists, under Mao, are victorious in Chinese Civil
·Soviets explode their first atomic bomb.
·Stalin celebrates his seventieth birthday.
·Sino-Soviet Treaty signed
·Announcement of Jewish "Doctors' Plot" against Stalin,
plans for new wave of terror.
March 5, 1953:
·Death of Stalin