Organisms that require oxygen to carry out respiration, as opposed to
Organisms that do not require oxygen to carry out respiration, as opposed to
aerobes. Anaerobes may be facultative anaerobes or obligate
Organisms thatdo not require a specified exogenous factor for normal
Asexual reproduction found in prokaryotes in which a cell divides into two
equal daughter cells by a non-mitotic process.
Organisms who derive their energy through the synthesis of organic materials
from inorganic molecules.
Organisms whose cell interiors are characterized by separation into
organelles and whose genetic material is enclosed by a nuclear membrane.
Compare with prokaryotes.
The type of flagellum found in prokaryotes. These flagella are covered by
the cell membrane and move in a back and forth motion.
Organisms that do not require oxygen to carry out respiration, but are not
harmed by the presence of oxygen and may have the ability to respire aerobically
in its presence. Compare with obligate anaerobes.
A term used to refer to two different structures in prokaryotes and eukaryotes,
both used in cell movement. Flagella in both groups are long, hair-like
structures, but their internal structure and evolutionary history are completely
Protein subunits that make up prokaryotic flagella.
A process by which components of bacterial cell walls are bound to Gram's stain.
Some bacteria lack the cell wall component that will bind Gram's stain and are
classified as Gram-negative.
Requiring organic materials from the environment due to an inability to produce
them internally. As opposed to autotrophic.
The clear regions in which the genetic material of prokaryotes is located.
Nucleoids are not membrane bound.
Organisms that do not require oxygen for respiration and are poisoned in the
presence of oxygen. Compare with facultative anaerobes.
A party in symbiosis that benefits at the expense of the other party.
The component of cell walls bound by gram's stain.
An organism that gains energy by synthesizing organic compound using light
Circular DNA molecules found in prokaryotes.
Organisms whose cells lack internal organization into organelles and whose
genetic material is not contained within a membrane-bound nucleus.
The type of flagellum found in prokaryotes. These flagella are not covered
by the cell membrane and move in a spiral motion.
A substance found in the cell walls of some archaebacteria that is similar to
Cellular machinery for protein synthesis.
Protein that makes up the microtubules of eukaryotic flagella.
Heterotrophic organisms that live on dead organic material.