That which holds together atoms in molecules and ions in lattices.
The direction and magnitude of the charge separation in a bond.
The distance between bonded nuclei.
The amount of energy necessary to break a bond. The energy gives a
how hard it is to
break a bond.
An electron configuration with a full valence shell.
A mathematical formula whose consequence is that negatively and positively
charged particles attract
each other and similarly charged species repel each other.
A bond that results from a sharing of electrons between nuclei.
A measure of the ability of an atom to attract electrons to itself.
The charge on an atom in a molecule as calculated by the rules outlined in
A charged species created by the gain or loss of an electron from an atom
or neutral molecule.
A bond that results from electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged
ions. The cation is
positively charged, while the anion is negatively charged.
A regularly repeating three-dimensional array of atoms,
A description of a covalent bond whereby electrons are represented by dots
bond is represented
by placing a line between the two atoms in that bond. Only valence
are shown in Lewis
A nonbonding pair of electrons.
A chemical species containing a covalent bond.
The three dimensional structure and orientation of the atoms, bonds, and
pairs in a
Eight electrons. For atoms other than H, the valence shell is filled with
electrons. A filled
valence gives the molecule a noble gas configuration and renders it stable.
An electron configuration with a partially filled valence shell.
One of several Lewis structures whose average represents an accurate
of the molecule not
properly represented by one simple Lewis structure.
An electron located in the valence shell.
The orbitals with the highest occupied
principle quantum number.
Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion Theory
A theory used to predict bonding geometries that states that electron pairs
be distributed about the
central atom to minimize electron pair repulsions.