A negatively charged ion.
That which holds together atoms in molecules and
ions in lattices.
The distance between bonded nuclei.
The amount of energy necessary to break a bond. The energy gives a
measure of how hard it is to
break a bond.
A positively charged ion.
A mathematical formula whose consequence is that negatively and positively
charged particles attract
each other and similarly charged species repel each other.
A bond that results from a sharing of electrons between nuclei.
A measure of the ability of an atom to attract electrons to itself.
A charged species created by the gain or loss of an electron from an atom
or neutral molecule.
A bond that results from electrostatic attraction between oppositely
charged ions. The cation is
positively charged, while the anion is negatively charged.
A regularly repeating three-dimensional array of atoms,