An analytical technique that shines light of one particular wavelength
through a sample cell to test
what percentage of the incoming light is absorbed. By comparing that
absorbance datum to
absorbances for cells of known concentration, you can calculate the unknown
The time necessary for the consumption or decay of half of the limiting reagent.
Integrated Rate Law
The integral (a calculus operation) of the rate law, this form of the
rate law shows the
dependence of the concentration of reactants on time of reaction.
The study of the rate and mechanism of chemical reactions.
Method of Initial Rates
A series of experiments wherein the concentration of one reagent at a time
is varied and the initial rate
(rate at time zero) of the reaction is measured. By comparing the change
in concentration to the
change in rate, it is possible to determine the order of the reaction
in each reagent.
In the rate law of a reaction, the power to which the concentration of a
reagent is raised. Or, the sum of the powers on the concentration terms in the
To quickly stop a reaction by one of several means which include flash freezing
and adding an inhibitor. Or, to quickly drive a reaction to completion by
adding the limiting reagent in excess.
The speed of a reaction measured in amount or reagent consumed or product
produced per unit time.
The proportionality constant in the rate law expression. This factor
is a measure of the intrinsic
reactivity of the reaction but is not constant with respect to temperature.
An expression of the dependence of the rate of a reaction on the
concentrations of reactants.