When several electrons are removed from an atom, the energy that it takes
to remove the first electron is the first ionization energy, the
energy it takes to remove the second electron is the second ionization
energy, and so on.
(a) In general the second ionization energy is much greater in magnitude than the first ionization energy. Explain why this is so.
(b) Consider the following IE (ionization energy) data for lithium and beryllium. Explain why there is such a large jump between the first and second ionization energies of Lithium.
Problem : Calculate the energy change of the following reaction (in eV (electron volts) with the provided energy data:
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